Burundi reached independence from UN trusteeship under Belgium administration on July, 1, 1962.  Burundi's first democratically elected president was assassinated in October 1993 after only 100 days in office, triggering widespread ethnic violence between Hutu and Tutsi factions. More than 200,000 Burundians perished during the conflict that spanned almost a dozen years. Hundreds of thousands of Burundians were internally displaced or became refugees in neighboring countries. An internationally brokered power-sharing agreement between the Tutsi-dominated government and the Hutu rebels in 2003 paved the way for a transition process that led to an integrated defense force, established a new constitution in 2005, and elected a majority Hutu government in 2005. The government of President Pierre Nkurunziza, who was reelected in 2010, continues to face many political and economic challenges. Barundi is located in central Africa, east of the DR Congo, and has a total area of 27,830 sq km, making it slightly smaller than Maryland. The land is hilly and mountainous, dropping to a plateau in the east, some plains. Natural resources include nickel, uranium, rare earth oxides, peat, cobalt, copper, platinum, vanadium, arable land, hydropower, niobium, tantalum, gold, tin, tungsten, kaolin, limestone. The capital is Bujumbura, and their national symbol is the lion. 

  • Nancy Rose Hunt

    Nancy Rose Hunt

    Associate Professor, History
    OB/GYN, Medical School

  • Nyambura Mpesha

    Nyambura Mpesha

    Lecturer III in Afroamerican and African Studies, Department of Afroamerican and African Studies
    Professor, DAAS
    Language Instructor