Cape Verde

Discovered and colonized in the 15th century by the Portugese, these islands became a trading center for African slaves. Later Cape Verde became an important coaling and resupply stop for whaling and transatlantic shipping. Cape Verde gained independence in 1975, and a one-party system was established and maintained until 1990, when multi-party elections were held. Cape Verde democratic government is one of Africa’s most stable governments. Cape Verde is slightly smaller than Rhode Island; its total area is 4,033 sq km. It has a temperate climate, with a warm, dry summer. Precipitation in Cape Verde is meager and erratic. Natural resources of Cape Verde are salt, basalt rock, limestone, kaolin, fish, clay, and gypsum. The country’s population is 523,568, and the ethnic groups that live in Cape Verde are Creole (mulatto) (71%), African (28%), and European (1%). The languages of Cape Verde are Portuguese (its official language) and Crioulo (which is a blend of Portuguese and West African words). The religions practiced in Cape Verde are Roman Catholicism (infused with indigenous beliefs) and Protestantism (mostly Church of the Nazarene). Cape Verde is a republic, and its capital is Praia.

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