Egypt

Egypt has a rich history; ruled by a series of dynasties for three millennia, the last native dynasty fell to the Persians in 341 B.C. The Greeks, Romans, and Byzantines followed after the Persians, and in the seventh century, the Arabs, who ruled for the next six centuries, introduced Islam and the Arabic language to the country. The Mamluks and Ottoman Turks have also had their share of power over Egypt. Britain was the last to seize control of the country in 1882. Egypt’s partial independence from the UK in 1922 became full independence in 1952, after the overthrow of the British-backed monarchy. Egypt is a republic, with a mixed legal system based on Napoleonic civil law and Islamic religious law. Its total area is 1,001,450 sq km, making it slightly more than three times the size of New Mexico. Egypt experiences hot dry summers with moderate winters. Its natural resources include petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, manganese, limestone, gypsum, talc, asbestos, lead, rare earth elements, and zinc. The capital of Egypt is Cairo. Its official language is Arabic, though English and French are widely understood by the educated classes, and 90% of the population is Muslim (mostly Sunni). The golden eagle is Egypt’s national symbol.

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    Steven Buchman M.D.

    Professor, Surgery and Neurosurgery
    Director, Craniofacial Anomolies Program
    Chief, Pediatric Plastic Surgery

  • Juan R. Cole

    Juan Cole

    Professor, History

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    Trevor LeGassick

    Professor, Near Eastern Studies

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    Laura MacLatchy

    Associate Professor, Anthropology

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    Sofia Merajver M.D.

    Professor, Internal Medicine
    Director, Breast & Ovarian Cancer Risk & Evaluation Program
    Co-Director, Breast Cancer Research Program

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    Mansoor Moaddel

    Visiting Research Professor, Population Studies Center
    Professor og Sociology, Eastern Michigan University

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    Janet Richards

    Associate Professor, Near Eastern Studies
    Associate Curator, Kesley Museum of Archaeology

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    Amr Soliman

    Assistant Professor, Epidemiology

  • Mark Tessler

    Mark Tessler

    Vice Provost, International Affairs
    Samuel J. Eldersveld Collegiate Professor, Political Science
    Director, International Institute
    Research Professor, Center for Political Studies

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    Arland Thornton

    Professor, Sociology
    Director, Population Studies Center
    Research Professor, Survey Research Center

  • Mark Wilson

    Mark L. Wilson

    Professor, Epidemiology
    Professor, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
    Director, Interdepartmental Concentration in Global Health