Basutoland was renamed the Kingdom of Lesotho upon independence from the UK in 1966. Peaceful parliamentary elections were held in 2002, but the National Assembly elections of February 2007 were hotly contested and aggrieved parties continue to dispute how the electoral law was applied to award proportional seats in the Assembly. Lestho is located in Southern Africa, and is an enclave of South Africa, It is landlocked, completely surrounded by South Africa. It is approximately 30,355 sq km, slightly smaller than Maryland and is mostly highland with plateaus, hills, and mountains, more than 80% of the country is 1,800 m above sea level.  Languages include Sesotho (official) (southern Sotho), English (official), Zulu, Xhosa. It has a population of 1,930,493 (July 2012 est.) Lesotho relies on remittances from Basotho employed in South Africa, customs duties from the Southern Africa Customs Union (SACU), and export revenue for the majority of government revenue. However, the government has recently strengthened its tax system to reduce dependency on customs duties. Completion of a major hydropower facility in January 1998 permitted the sale of water to South Africa and generated royalties for Lesotho. Lesotho produces about 90% of its own electrical power needs.

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