Western Sahara

Western Sahara lies in Northern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Mauritania and Morocco.  Comprised of Arab and Berber ethnicities, the country’s total population is 522,928. The primary languages are Hassaniya Arabic and Moroccan Arabic. Western Sahara’s agriculture consists of fruits and vegetables (grown in the few oases); camels, sheep, goats (kept by nomads); and fish. A UN-organized referendum on the territory's final status has been repeatedly postponed. The UN since 2007 has sponsored intermittent talks between representatives of the Government of Morocco and the Polisario Front to negotiate the status of Western Sahara. Morocco has put forward an autonomy proposal for the territory, which would allow for some local administration while maintaining Moroccan sovereignty. The Polisario, with Algeria's support, demands a popular referendum that includes the option of independence.

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