The Baku Commune, 1917-1918: Class and Nationality in the Russian Revolution (Princeton University Press, 1972);
Armenia in the Twentieth Century (Scholars Press, 1983);
The Making of the Georgian Nation (Indiana University Press, 1988, 1994);
Looking Toward Ararat: Armenia in Modern History (Indiana University Press, 1993);
The Revenge of the Past: Nationalism, Revolution, and the Collapse of the Soviet Union (Stanford University Press, 1993);
The Soviet Experiment: Russia, the USSR, and the Successor States (New York: Oxford University Press, 1998; 2011)
He is also the editor of
Transcaucasia, Nationalism and Social Change: Essays in the History of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia (Michigan Slavic Publications, 1983; University of Michigan Press, 1996)
The Structure of Soviet History: Essays and Documents (Oxford University Press, 2003)
The Cambridge History of Russia, Volume III: The Twentieth Century (Cambridge University Press, 2006).
“Introduction,” to Ronald Grigor Suny (ed.), Cambridge History of Russia, Volume III: The Twentieth Century (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006), pp. 1-4.
“Reading Russia and the Soviet Union in the Twentieth Century: How the ‘West’ Wrote its History of the USSR,” Cambridge History of Russia, Volume III: The Twentieth Century (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006), pp. 5-64.
And Dmitry P. Gorenburg, “Where Are We Going? What Is To Be Done?” NewsNet, XLVI, 4 (August 2006), pp. 1-4.
“History and Foreign Policy: From Constructed Identities to ‘Ancient Hatreds’ East of the Caspian,” in Brenda Shaffer (ed.), The Limits of Culture: Islam and Foreign Policy (Cambridge, MA, and London: The MIT Press, 2006), pp. 83-109.
“Hrant Dink (1954-2007),” The Nation Website, January 22, 2007 http://www.thenation.com/doc/20070205/suny
“Fifteen Years Après le Déluge: What’s Left of Marx?” News Net, XLVII, 1 (January 2007), pp. 1-7.
"Living in the Hood: Russia, Empire, and Old and New Neighbors," in Robert Legvold (ed.), Russian Foreign Policy in the 21st Century and the Shadow of the Past (New York: Columbia University Press, 2007), pp. 35-76.
“Russian Terror/ism and Revisionist Historiography,” Australian Journal of Politics and History, LIII, 1 (2007), pp. 5-19.
Participant in the Discussion, “Roundtable: What Is a School? Is There a Fitzpatrick School of Soviet History?” Acta Slavica Japonica, XXIV, pp. 240-241.
With Gail W. Lapidus, “Alexander Dallin: A Singular Voice,” in Alexander Dallin, The Uses of History: Understanding the Soviet Union and Russia, ed. Gail W. Lapidus (Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield, 2009), pp. 1-11.
“Truth in Telling: Reconciling Realities in the Genocide of the Ottoman Armenians,” American Historical Review, CXIV, 4 (October 2009), pp. 930-946.
“The Pawn of Great Powers: The East-West Competition for Caucasia,” Journal of Eurasian Studies, I (2010), pp. 10-25.
He is the co-editor of
Party, State, and Society in the Russian Civil War: Explorations in Social History (Indiana University Press, 1989);
The Russian Revolution and Bolshevik Victory: Visions and Revisions (D. C. Heath, 1990);
Making Workers Soviet: Power, Culture, and Identity (Cornell University Press, 1994);
Becoming National (Oxford University Press, 1996);
Intellectuals and the Articulation of the Nation (University of Michigan Press, 1999);
A State of Nations: Empire and Nation-making in the Age of Lenin and Stalin (Oxford University Press, 2001).