Past Research Projects

EUC Faculty Projects 2005-08

Faculty research and workshops on the EU and European integration with support from the European Commission.


ENERGY AND SECURITY IN EUROPE AND EURASIAProject in association with the Aleksanteri Institute's Euroasia Energy Group.

In this project carried out in association with the Aleksanteri Institute's Eurasia Energy Group at the University of Helsinki, Michael Kennedy (formerly of U-M, now Brown University) identified how various actors influence and transform the meanings, identities, values, and representations accompanying the exercise of power and influence around the definition and address of energy security, with special focus on the European Union and its relationship to energy coming from Russia and the Caspian Sea. 

In May 2008, EUCE-MI and CREES, in cooperation with the University of Helsinki, hosted a two-day a workshop aimed at understanding how, and with what consequence, various actors influence and transform the meanings, identities, values, and representations accompanying the articulation of European energy security. In particular, workshop participants focused on how the risk associated with Europe's relationship to Russian energy resources is accentuated or diminished. By analyzing accounts of energy exploration and investment, alternative supply routes, economic/legal frameworks for trade, technological innovations, environmental regulation, and consumption patterns in the provision of European energy security, the workshop identified the principal axes of scientific uncertainty and ideological difference that publics and policy makers might distinguish in their debates over investment and regulatory priorities. The following scholars, experts in energy studies, as well as more general theorists in international relations and global transformations participated. From University of Michigan: Michael Kennedy, Irving Salmeen, Carl Simon, Fatma Muge Gocek, Gerard Libaridian, Ronald Suny, Ryan Aiken, and Melvyn Levitsky; Margarita M. Balmaceda, Seton Hall University. From Europe: Andrew Barry, Oxford University; Susanne Nies, IFRI, Brussels and Sciences Po, Paris (paper presented); David Dusseault and Mikko Palonkorpi, University of Helsinki; and Pami Aalto, University of Tampere.

Several papers were discussed at this workshop (among them also those that have emerged from EUCE grant research over the 2005-7 period). Workshop also included U-M experts in alternative technologies, to understand better how alternative futures, established by technological innovations, might fit or not fit into this matrix of estimation and expectation. Topics discussed were: Technological Challenges; Technological Infrastructure; Theorizing Russian Energy Power; Figuring European-Eurasian Energy Relations; and Theorizing Energy Alternativity. More information on this workshop see Past Conferences.

See also: Michael D. Kennedy. “From Transition to Hegemony: Extending the Cultural Politics of Military Alliances and Energy Security."

“How Are Russian Energy Policies Formulated? Linking the Actors and Structures of Energy Policy” (Pami Aalto, David Dusseault, Markku Kivinen and Michael D. Kennedy) pp. 20-42 in Pami Aalto (ed.) Russia’s Energy Policy: National, Interregional and Global Levels. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar,2012.


This project involved a collaboration initiated when Professor Traugott was a Fulbright Senior Specialist at the Central European University in Budapest.  Professor Miklós Sükösd and Traugott worked on a project looking at the role of public opinion specialists, and the growth of the public opinion industry in the newly emerging democracies in Eastern Europe.  Since they began collaboration, Sükösd became the principal investigator of an EU COST grant focusing on the development of mass communication theories appropriate to this region.On the U-M part of the project, Professor Traugott has been working with a graduate student, Lauren Guggenheim at the Center for Political Studies at U-M's renowned Institute for Social Research (ISR). They have been doing background research, developing a bibliography of polling based research, as well as research on the development of the public opinion industry in the Eastern European countries that are "rising" members of the EU. They were invited to attend the COST meeting in Milan in June 2007, to present on their research. While they discussed the results of their work in informal sessions, Professor Traugott also presented on research in which he is developing a model of the role of public opinion in the support of democratic government. 


This five-phase project started in November, 2005 at the Ross School of Business at the University of Michigan. The Working Group professors Cindy Schipani (University of Michigan), Marina Whitman (University of Michigan), Virginia Maurer (University of Florida), Terry Dworkin (Indiana University), and Angel Kwolek-Folland (University of Florida) invited a group of approximately twenty-five women, including academics, prominent business women, and policy makers, from throughout the US, Canada, and Europe to Ann Arbor for two days to discuss the types of questions that should be included in the interviews and survey. The Working Group identified a number of topics to be included the survey, and published an article entitled "Women and the New Corporate Governance: Pathways for Obtaining Positions of Corporate Leadership" in the University of Maryland Law Review.The second phase involved analyzing the data gathered in Phase I, and hiring a statistician and research assistants to also help with survey design. Phase II took place from January-December, 2006. The initial survey was drafted in this phase, after extensive meetings. In addition, members of the Working Group presented our findings to date at the Second International Conference on Women's Studies, held at Eastern Mediterranean University in Cyprus in April, 2006.The third phase, involved a Workshop, convened in Paris, France in September, 2006, to gather a comparative perspective among the North Americans and Europeans. This meeting included approximately 20 participants. The purpose of this meeting was to further refine the survey instrument and discuss how best to disseminate it and collect the country-by-country data sets. This meeting was highly successful, and  the working group continued to study the transcripts from the sessions. The Group met in Ann Arbor on December 2, 2006 to revise the survey in accordance with the recommendations gleaned from the meeting in Europe. This phase was completed in early 2007. A second law review article entitled "Pathways for Women to Obtain Positions of Organizational Leadership: The Significance of Mentoring and Networking," was initiated. 

Phase IV will involved refinement and execution of the survey. In the fourth phase of the Pathways project, EC funding was used to support the execution of the survey with international participants and to partially support of the work of research assistant, Ryan Elder. Elder assisted with completion of the survey, formatting the survey for electronic execution, and initial execution of the survey. The survey firm, Resolution Research & Marketing Inc. was hired to conduct the survey with international respondents. This phase also involved a meeting in London with Dr. Chizu Nakajima of Cass Business School, City University in London, to assist with gathering further European data and analysis. A report of this project was presented at the annual Business History Conference in Sacramento in April, 2008. 

Next phase, phase V involved completion of the survey, analysis of the results, and meeting in Europe involving the Working Group and other invited scholars and practitioners to discuss the results and possible further phases of the project. Literature review culminated in a manuscript entitled "Pathways for Women to Obtain Positions of Organizational Leadership: The Significance of Mentoring and Networking," was accepted for publication in the Duke Journal of Gender Law and Policy. For more information see Research Projects.